Dates are characterized by their high nutritional value. Dates are useful for replacement of vitamins and other substances especially during the fasting period.
Their energy value is 287 kcal per 100 grams. Dates also contain lipids, cellulose, mineral salts, vitamins and enzymes, but it is mainly in sugars that they are very rich (sucrose, glucose and fructose).
The fresh date, when it matures, is a fragile and delicate fruit to transport. The dry date is more highly dehydrated, it contains around 20% water, compared to 70% for the fresh date.
It also contains vitamins B2, B3, B5 and B6 and a small amount of vitamin C and mineral salts of potassium and calcium. It is also rich in chromium and fibre.
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